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Evaluating the Service Operating Efficiency and Its Determinants in Global Consulting Firms: A Metafrontier Analysis

Gowangwoo Park (), Seok-Kee Lee () and Kanghwa Choi ()
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Gowangwoo Park: Department of Smart Convergence Consulting, Hansung University, Seoul 02876, Korea
Seok-Kee Lee: Department of Computer Engineering, Hansung University, Seoul 02876, Korea
Kanghwa Choi: Department of Business, Hansung University, Seoul 02876, Korea

Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13, issue 18, 1-18

Abstract: Knowledge consulting services are one of the fastest growing fields in the knowledge service industry since the 2010s and have been emerging as a core area of the knowledge economy. Accordingly, consulting services are actively sought and provided in various fields, including business strategy and management, accounting, and ICT, and global consulting firms have experienced rapid growth. However, previous research evaluating the performance or service quality of knowledge consulting services is relatively scarce. In particular, there are barely any studies that apply the data envelopment analysis (DEA) model to measure the relative operating efficiencies of consulting firms in the global consulting service field. This study measured the operating efficiency of 27 global consulting firms using DEA. As global consulting firms are managed differently depending on the characteristics of the country in which they operate, the 27 global consulting firms were classified into three groups by region (USA, Europe, Asia) to measure their meta-efficiency (ME), group efficiency (GE), and technology gap ratio (TGR) and identify the causes of inefficiency at global consulting firms. The contextual variables within consulting firms that affect efficiency were analyzed using Tobit regression. Based on the analysis results, this study suggests strategies for enhancing the operating efficiency and realizing sustainable growth in global consulting firms.

Keywords: consulting service; metafrontier; technology gap ratio; Tobit regression (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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