EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Energy–Growth Nexus in the MENA Region: A Dynamic Panel Threshold Estimation

Qusai Mohammad Qasim Alabed (), Fathin Said, Zulkefly Abdul Karim, Mohd Azlan Shah Zaidi () and Mohammed Daher Alshammary ()
Additional contact information
Qusai Mohammad Qasim Alabed: Center for Sustainable and Inclusive Development Studies (SID), Faculty of Economics and Management, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Selangor, Malaysia
Mohd Azlan Shah Zaidi: Center for Sustainable and Inclusive Development Studies (SID), Faculty of Economics and Management, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Selangor, Malaysia
Mohammed Daher Alshammary: Center for Sustainable and Inclusive Development Studies (SID), Faculty of Economics and Management, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi 43600, Selangor, Malaysia

Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13, issue 22, 1-18

Abstract: This study provides new evidence regarding the nonlinear relationship between energy consumption and economic growth in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region for the 1990–2014 period. The empirical estimation is conducted using a dynamic panel threshold model. We found one threshold in the relationship between energy consumption and economic growth and one threshold in the relationship between carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions and economic growth. The results indicate that energy consumption positively and significantly affects economic growth in the low energy consumption regime. In contrast, it has a negative and significant impact on economic growth in the high energy consumption regime. Moreover, CO 2 emissions are positively and significantly related to economic growth in the low regime of CO 2 emissions. Nevertheless, the relationship between CO 2 emissions and economic growth in the high CO 2 emissions regime is negative and significant. Therefore, policymakers should implement other effective energy policies, such as stricter regulations on CO 2 emissions, increase energy efficiency, and replace fossil fuels with cleaner energy sources to avoid unnecessary CO 2 emissions and combat global warming. Future studies should identify the root causes of failures and issues in real time for inflation and link the energy–growth nexus to achieving the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Agenda, Goal 7: Affordable and Clean Energy.

Keywords: MENA region; energy consumption; economic growth; threshold regression analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/22/12444/pdf (application/pdf)
https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/22/12444/ (text/html)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:13:y:2021:i:22:p:12444-:d:676680

Access Statistics for this article

Sustainability is currently edited by Ms. Hayley Chen

More articles in Sustainability from MDPI
Bibliographic data for series maintained by MDPI Indexing Manager ().

 
Page updated 2022-05-13
Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:13:y:2021:i:22:p:12444-:d:676680