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Women’s Home-Based Entrepreneurship and Family Financial Position in Pakistan

Said Muhammad, Kong Ximei, Shahab E. Saqib and Nicholas J. Beutell
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Said Muhammad: School of Business, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
Kong Ximei: School of Business, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
Shahab E. Saqib: Higher Education Department, Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Peshawar 25000, Pakistan
Nicholas J. Beutell: LaPenta School of Business, Iona College, New York, NY 108012, USA

Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13, issue 22, 1-0

Abstract: Women’s entrepreneurship is critical for fostering economic growth and inclusive development globally. Women’s home-based businesses are crucial for women with restricted mobility and employment options to earn an income in developing countries. This study considers the impact of women’s home-based entrepreneurship on their family’s financial position. We collected data from 504 women entrepreneurs in Mardan City, Pakistan using a questionnaire/interview procedure. Chi-square and logistic regression were used to analyze the predictors of family financial position. The results showed that women entrepreneurs’ age, marital status, homeownership, rural versus urban location, household size, and business income significantly affect their family’s financial position. The findings revealed that women entrepreneurs have a substantial impact on the financial position and welfare of their families consistent with the multiplier effect ascribed to women in entrepreneurship. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.

Keywords: women entrepreneurs; women empowerment; family financial position; multiplier effect; home-based businesses (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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