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Gender Inequality in Latin America: A Multidimensional Analysis Based on ECLAC Indicators

Edith Medina-Hernández, María José Fernández-Gómez and Inmaculada Barrera-Mellado
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Edith Medina-Hernández: Statistics Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Salamanca (USAL), 37007 Salamanca, Spain
María José Fernández-Gómez: Statistics Department, Faculty of Biology, University of Salamanca (USAL), 37007 Salamanca, Spain
Inmaculada Barrera-Mellado: Statistics Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Salamanca (USAL), 37007 Salamanca, Spain

Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13, issue 23, 1-0

Abstract: This article analyzes the behavior of gender indicators on the economic, physical, and decision-making autonomy of Latin-American women, based on data compiled and published in 2020 by the Gender Equality Observatory of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), for 17 countries. Using the HJ-Biplot multivariate technique, it is concluded that the three evaluated areas interact with each other, in such a way that they cannot be interpreted in isolation because their relationships and interdependencies explain the differences in the participation of men and women in the socioeconomic and political environment of the nations in the region. Additionally, it is concluded that in countries such as Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Bolivia, and Ecuador, greater public policy actions are required to seek the economic empowerment of women; while in Brazil, Mexico, and Colombia, laws are necessary to regulate violence against women. It is necessary to continue promoting gender equality in the region as a determinant factor in methodological frameworks and transformational policies to enable moving towards the construction of sustainable societies and economies.

Keywords: gender indicators; multivariate analysis; HJ-Biplot; Latin American countries; sustainability (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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