Workplace Situation and Well-Being of Ecuadorian Self-Employed
Lorena Caridad y López del Río and
Lucia Zita Zambrano-Santos
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Nuria Ceular-Villamandos: Department of Statistics and Operations Research, Business Organization and Applied Economics, Universidad de Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
Virginia Navajas-Romero: Department of Statistics and Operations Research, Business Organization and Applied Economics, Universidad de Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
Lorena Caridad y López del Río: Department of Statistics and Operations Research, Business Organization and Applied Economics, Universidad de Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
Lucia Zita Zambrano-Santos: Strategic Planning Department, Universidad San Gregorio de Portoviejo, Portoviejo 2005, Ecuador
Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13, issue 4, 1-26
Due to novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), the labor market is going to undergo a profound restructuring. The creation of a new labor paradigm by all stakeholders is essential. This document contributes to the current political and social debates about self-employment, the need for economic growth, and how these labor measures, which are deeply institutionalized, need a change of attitude for an adequate job reconstruction in terms of welfare and sustainability. Currently, policy makers are proposing actions and policies because the new labor paradigm is being designed in the countries of Latin America. This research aims to analyze the JDCS model (Job Demand-Control-Support) and well-being in the self-employed in Ecuador. Unlike previous studies, this research takes a comprehensive approach by considering this theoretical model and the figure of the self-employed in terms of well-being. The logistic model, using cases of more than one thousand workers, generated estimated results that indicate the existence of a significant effect of physical and psychological demands at work on the balance between well-being and the management of angry clients; the speed of execution; and the complexity of the tasks. Regarding labor control, the ability to solve problems and make decisions for the company are detected as influencing factors; finally, social support is another factor influencing global well-being for the self-employed. These results show that with an effective management of the self-employed labor environment, it is possible to achieve an adequate level of workplace satisfaction.
Keywords: self-employed; well-being; job demand; job control; social support; entrepreneurship; autonomy; Ecuador (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:13:y:2021:i:4:p:1892-:d:496688
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