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An Analysis of Environmental Efficiency and Environmental Pollution Treatment Efficiency in China’s Industrial Sector

Xiao-Ning Li (), Ying Feng (), Pei-Ying Wu () and Yung-Ho Chiu ()
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Xiao-Ning Li: Business College, Northwest University of Political Science and Law, No. 558 West Chang An Road, Chang An District, Xi’an 710122, China
Ying Feng: Department of Auditing, Business College, Institute of Resource Conflict and Utilization, Northwest University of Political Science and Law, No. 558 West Chang An Road, Chang An District, Xi’an 710122, China
Pei-Ying Wu: Department of Applied Foreign Languages, Cheng Shiu University, No. 840, Chengcing Road, Niaosong District, Kaohsiung City 83347, Taiwan

Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13, issue 5, 1-25

Abstract: This research adopts the meta Dynamic Directional Distance Functions (DDF) model in order to calculate the environmental efficiency and environmental governance efficiency of China’s industrial sector from 2010 to 2017 from the overall, sub-regional, and sub-provincial perspectives and discusses the technical gaps in regional environmental pollution control and the reasons for ineffective environmental governance. The research results show that the overall level of environmental governance efficiency in China’s industrial sector is relatively high over this time period, and the group frontier calculation results have improved compared to the meta frontier. The actual technical level of the high-income group is closest to the potential technical level, and the upper-middle income group is still far from the potential technical level. The main reason for the ineffective environmental governance of the provinces in the high-income group is ineffective management, while the main reason for ineffective environmental governance of the provinces in the upper-middle-income groups is technical inefficiency. Regardless of high-income groups or upper-middle-income groups, each province’s inefficiency of environmental governance is caused by inefficiency of the input factors.

Keywords: environmental efficiency; environmental governance efficiency; meta dynamic DDF model; chinese industrial sector (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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