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Economic Business Sustainability and Strengthening Human Resource Capacity Based on Increasing the Productivity of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Makassar City, Indonesia

Hernita Hernita (), Batara Surya (), Iwan Perwira (), Herminawaty Abubakar () and Muhammad Idris ()
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Hernita Hernita: Department of Economic, STIM Lasharan Jaya, Makassar City 90231, Indonesia
Batara Surya: Department of Economic, STIM Lasharan Jaya, Makassar City 90231, Indonesia
Iwan Perwira: Department of Economic, STIM Lasharan Jaya, Makassar City 90231, Indonesia
Herminawaty Abubakar: Department of Economic Management, Faculty of Economic and Bussines, University Bosowa, Makassar City 90231, Indonesia
Muhammad Idris: Department of Economic Management, Faculty of Economic and Bussines, University Bosowa, Makassar City 90231, Indonesia

Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13, issue 6, 1-36

Abstract: The dynamics of urban development coupled with economic growth have contributed positively to the development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Optimizing the utilization and strengthening of the capacity of SMEs’ human resources will encourage increased productivity of economic enterprises and the sustainability of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). This study aims to analyze (1) strengthening the capacity of human resources (HR) of small and medium enterprises to work as a determinant of increasing the productivity of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and labor absorption; (2) the effect of strengthening the capacity of human resources (HR), business productivity, technology utilization, and business diversification on the sustainability of small and medium enterprises (SMEs); and (3) optimizing the role of government in supporting business development, increasing productivity, business stability and sustainability of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). This study uses a sequential explanatory design approach. Data were obtained through observation, in-depth interviews, surveys, and documentation. Qualitative analysis in this study was carried out through a process of data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion drawing, while the quantitative analysis in this study uses quantitative descriptive analysis, correlation, and multiple regression. The results showed that strengthening the capacity of human resources, coupled with the use of technology, and followed by diversification of business, had a positive contribution to increasing the productivity of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Furthermore, strengthening human resource capacity, business productivity, technology utilization, and business diversification simultaneously have a positive and significant correlation to the sustainability of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) with a determination coefficient of 72.3%. This study recommends that government policy support through strengthening human resource capacity, increasing business productivity, technology utilization, and business diversification have an impact on the sustainability of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Makassar City, Indonesia.

Keywords: human resource capacity; business productivity; technology utilization; business sustainability of SMEs (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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