Economics at your fingertips  

Facilitators of and Barriers to Sustainable Development in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: A Descriptive Exploratory Study in Romania

Catalina Costache, Danut-Dumitru Dumitrascu and Ionela Maniu
Additional contact information
Catalina Costache: Faculty of Economic Sciences, ”Lucian Blaga” University of Sibiu, 550025 Sibiu, Romania
Danut-Dumitru Dumitrascu: Research Center for Sustainable Products and Processes, Engineering Faculty, ”Lucian Blaga” University of Sibiu, 550025 Sibiu, Romania
Ionela Maniu: Mathematics and Informatics Department, Research Center in Informatics and Information Technology, Faculty of Sciences, ”Lucian Blaga” University of Sibiu, 550025 Sibiu, Romania

Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13, issue 6, 1-19

Abstract: In the context of growing concerns regarding the deterioration of the environment and the increase in social inequalities, the concept of sustainability emerged as a response of companies, in order to contribute to community goodwill. The drivers and obstacles for the businesses engaging in sustainable policies have been explored at large by scientific literature. However, research gaps were observed, namely regarding SMEs, that tend to have a less formal and more fragmented approach to sustainability. The goal of our study is to determine the main barriers and facilitators for sustainability that Romanian SMEs face, and the connections between them and with the firms’ characteristics. Our study identifies the main barriers and facilitators for adopting sustainable practices in SMEs located in Romania, based on a study on a panel of 71 firms. The association rule method of data mining and quantitative statistic methods were used to explore barrier–facilitator relationships and how they vary depending on the firms’ or managers’ characteristics. The results show a wide range of drivers and obstacles for implementing sustainability in SMEs, while identifying connections between different barriers and facilitators and correlations with the firms’ characteristics. Our findings contribute to a better understanding of factors that impact sustainable behavior in SMEs and identify further aspects to be explored.

Keywords: sustainable development; facilitators; barriers; small and medium-sized enterprises; association rules; CSR; SMEs (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (5) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link) (application/pdf) (text/html)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this article

Sustainability is currently edited by Mr. Samuel Li

More articles in Sustainability from MDPI
Bibliographic data for series maintained by MDPI Indexing Manager ().

Page updated 2023-05-18
Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:13:y:2021:i:6:p:3213-:d:517239