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Representativeness in Geographical Indications: A Comparison between the State-Driven and Producer-Driven Systems in Vietnam and France

Barbara Pick and Delphine Marie-Vivien
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Barbara Pick: CIRAD, INRAE, Institut Agro, UMR INNOVATION, Université de Montpellier, F-34398 Montpellier, France
Delphine Marie-Vivien: CIRAD, INRAE, Institut Agro, UMR INNOVATION, Université de Montpellier, F-34398 Montpellier, France

Sustainability, 2021, vol. 13, issue 9, 1-16

Abstract: This paper explores the issues of representativeness and participation in the collective processes involved in the elaboration of the geographical indications (GI) specifications and the governance of the GI initiatives. The objective is to understand the relationship among collective dynamics, representativeness of relevant stakeholders, and the legal frameworks for the protection of GIs. Using a qualitative methodology based on an analysis of six case studies in France and Vietnam, we show the role of the law in shaping the different ways of understanding and implementing the concept of representativeness in the French producer-led and the Vietnamese state-driven approaches to GI protection. In France, the GI specifications result from negotiations among all legitimate stakeholders, which may prove long, complex, and lead to standards that can continue to be challenged after the GI registration. We also argue that the rules for the representation of all GI users in the decision-making processes do not necessarily lead to fairness. In Vietnam, local stakeholders usually have a consultative role under the authority of the State, resulting in their little understanding and low use of the GI. Their empowerment is further hindered by the involvement of state authorities in the management of the producers’ associations. We conclude by discussing in-between solutions to promote the producers’ representation and participation.

Keywords: geographical indications; representativeness; collective dynamics; legal frameworks; producers’ groups; state-driven; producer-driven; specifications; Vietnam; France (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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