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Assessing the Green R&D Investment and Patent Generation in Pakistan towards CO 2 Emissions Reduction with a Novel Decomposition Framework

Muhammad Yousaf Raza, Yingchao Chen and Songlin Tang
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Muhammad Yousaf Raza: School of Economics, Shandong Technology and Business University, Yantai 255000, China
Yingchao Chen: School of Economics, Shandong Technology and Business University, Yantai 255000, China
Songlin Tang: School of Economics, Shandong Technology and Business University, Yantai 255000, China

Sustainability, 2022, vol. 14, issue 11, 1-19

Abstract: Energy plays an imperative role in global economies, such that products and services are generally dependent on energy use. This study leads to the application of environmental policies under green research and development (R&D) investment in Pakistan. Existing research has tried to analyze the effects of R&D investment associated with patent applications using the logarithmic mean Divisia index (LMDI) method called PATENT. The objective of this method is to examine the variations in R&D activities motivated by the reduction of fossil fuel power. The research contributes the following: (1) the R&D reaction is the main factor in raising the number of patent applications, while R&D efficiency needs more enhancements. (2) Reaction and production effects are imperative in raising the number of patent applications during the study period. (3) R&D expenditure presents a significant rise in renewable energy technologies (RETs), by 6.7% yearly, which ultimately impacts the economy, sustainability, and the environment. (4) Energy intensity shows a lowering trend in economic development, which confirms that that share of energy will decline, and that Pakistan will move towards significant contributions. Finally, the results show that raising R&D investments, technology transfer and engendered measures are the authentic approaches to Pakistan’s environmental and economic development. Based on the analyzed method, the study recommends that environmental regulation policies’ efficiency be incremented by investing and joining them with RETs. Furthermore, the concerned policies linked with the estimated outcomes are provided below.

Keywords: green technologies; LMDI; research and development; fossil fuel consumption; climate change; Pakistan (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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