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State-Level Urban Agglomeration and Enterprise Innovation: A Quasi-Natural Experiment

Kai Zhao, Huahua Huang and Wanshu Wu
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Kai Zhao: School of Economics, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China
Huahua Huang: School of Statistics, Huaqiao University, Xiamen 361021, China
Wanshu Wu: College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qingdao University of Technology, Qingdao 266033, China

Sustainability, 2022, vol. 14, issue 15, 1-17

Abstract: Based on the data of listed enterprises in China from 2007 to 2019, this study uses the quasi-natural experiment method (staggered DID) to explore the actual impact of the establishment of state-level urban agglomeration on the innovation activities of enterprises and the heterogeneous impact caused by regional differences. It is found that state-level urban agglomerations play the role of “incubator” for enterprise innovation, and the establishment of urban agglomerations can not only effectively encourage enterprises to increase R&D investment, but also greatly increase the quantity of innovation output of enterprises. It is worthwhile to note that the establishment of state-level urban agglomerations has no significant impact on R&D investment and the innovation output of enterprises in the eastern region. As far as the western region is concerned, the incentive effect of the establishment of urban agglomeration on the innovation output of enterprises is significantly positive at 1% significance level, while the incentive effect on the R&D investment of enterprises is positive but not statistically significant.

Keywords: state-level urban agglomeration; enterprise innovation; staggered DID; R&D investment; innovation output (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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