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A Difficult Pattern to Change in Romania, the Perspective of Socio-Economic Development

Tiberiu Iancu (), Ionuț Laurențiu Petre (), Valentina Constanta Tudor (), Marius Mihai Micu (), Ana Ursu (), Florina-Ruxandra Teodorescu () and Eduard Alexandru Dumitru ()
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Tiberiu Iancu: Faculty of Management and Rural Tourism, Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine “King Michael I of Romania” Timisoara, Calea Aradului, No. 119, 300645 Timisoara, Romania
Ionuț Laurențiu Petre: Department of Agrifood and Environmental Economics, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, 010374 Bucharest, Romania
Valentina Constanta Tudor: Faculty of Management and Rural Development, University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 010961 Bucharest, Romania
Marius Mihai Micu: Faculty of Management and Rural Development, University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 010961 Bucharest, Romania
Ana Ursu: The Agricultural Economics Office, Research Institute for Agriculture Economy and Rural Development, 010961 Bucharest, Romania
Florina-Ruxandra Teodorescu: Faculty of Management and Rural Development, University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 010961 Bucharest, Romania
Eduard Alexandru Dumitru: The Agricultural Economics Office, Research Institute for Agriculture Economy and Rural Development, 010961 Bucharest, Romania

Sustainability, 2022, vol. 14, issue 4, 1-29

Abstract: The rural area is a basic component from a socio-economic point of view, being closely linked to the activities that take place in these areas. Normally, Romanian rural localities should show significant differences from one development region to another, being influenced by a number of factors (geographical positioning, the influence of agriculture in the economy, etc.). In this sense, data were collected from the town halls of the localities from Calarasi and Timis counties. The analyzed data were processed by the linear regression method, and the estimation of the evolution of the population was determined using the Vensim simulation program. The paper identifies a pattern in rural localities in Romania that hinders their development, reflected by various socio-economic indicators available in the analyzed localities. The main factor that can change this pattern in rural localities is the influence of local and national decision-makers, who can encourage investment in these areas either through the development of local and national infrastructure or through fiscal measures that encourage the development of quality non-agricultural activities that can generate financial resources and jobs at the local level. Moreover, it is not only the low number of non-agricultural activities that is causing the poor development of rural areas, but rather the low number of economic operators in general and the quality of these types of activities, which in most cases do not have the capacity to create new jobs.

Keywords: rural development; sustainable; rural area; localities; evolution; local authorities; Romania (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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