EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Moving towards Sustainability: Road Grades and On-Road Emissions of Heavy-Duty Vehicles—A Case Study

Wendan Zhang (), Jian Lu (), Ping Xu () and Yi Zhang ()
Additional contact information
Wendan Zhang: State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
Jian Lu: Key Laboratory of Road and Traffic Engineering of Ministry of Education, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
Ping Xu: State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
Yi Zhang: State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China

Sustainability, 2015, vol. 7, issue 9, 1-28

Abstract: On-road vehicle emissions are one of the major sources of transport emissions. As a key design factor, road grades (or road slopes) have significant effects on on-road vehicle emissions, particularly on Heavy-Duty Vehicles (HDVs). However, the research into the relationship between road grades and on-road vehicle emissions is very rare in China. Taking a road network in Taiyuan, China, as a study area, this paper explored the influences of road grades on carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbon (HC), and nitrogen oxide (NO x ) emissions of HDVs. Combining emissions data collected by Portable Emission Measurement System (PEMS) with Vehicle Specific Power (VSP), we developed an emission rate model of HDVs. Then, we integrated it with the traffic simulation model VISSIM to attain the emissions of HDVs on nine scenarios differentiated by road grades. The results showed that the three emissions are found to be highly correlated to road grades, among which the CO emissions are most sensitive to the change of road grades and the HC emissions least. Compared to the emissions at 0% grade, the emissions at 4% grade will be boosted from 39.0% to 60.6%. The CO and NO x emissions increase with the road grades in all nine scenarios, while the variations of HC emissions in different scenarios were complicated. The findings of this research will provide insights for policy-makers, scholars, and practitioners into strategies for improving road design to reduce traffic emissions and develop sustainable transportation in China.

Keywords: road grades; heavy-duty vehicles; emissions; sustainable transportation; China (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (6) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/7/9/12644/pdf (application/pdf)
https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/7/9/12644/ (text/html)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:7:y:2015:i:9:p:12644-12671:d:55781

Access Statistics for this article

Sustainability is currently edited by Ms. Hayley Chen

More articles in Sustainability from MDPI
Bibliographic data for series maintained by MDPI Indexing Manager ().

 
Page updated 2022-05-13
Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:7:y:2015:i:9:p:12644-12671:d:55781