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Inequalities in Human Well-Being in the Urban Ganges Brahmaputra Meghna Delta

Sylvia Szabo (), Rituparna Hajra (), Angela Baschieri () and Zoe Matthews ()
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Sylvia Szabo: Division of Social Statistics and Demography, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
Rituparna Hajra: School of Oceanographic Studies, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032, India
Angela Baschieri: Division of Social Statistics and Demography, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
Zoe Matthews: Division of Social Statistics and Demography, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK

Sustainability, 2016, vol. 8, issue 7, 1-14

Abstract: The recently endorsed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) agenda unanimously agrees on the need to focus on inclusive development, the importance of eradicating extreme poverty and managing often complex human well-being impacts of rapid urban growth. Sustainable and inclusive urbanisation will accelerate progress towards the SDGs and contribute to eradicating extreme poverty. In tropical delta regions, such as the Ganges Brahmaputra Meghna delta region, urban growth and resulting intra-urban inequalities are accelerated by the impact of environmental and climate change. In this context, the present study uses the 2010 Household Income and Expenditure Survey to analyse the extent of wealth-based inequalities in human well-being in the urban delta region and the determinants of selected welfare measures. The results suggest that the extent of intra-urban inequalities is greatest in educational attainment and access to postnatal healthcare and relatively low in the occurrence of gastric disease. The paper concludes by providing policy recommendations to reduce increasing wealth inequalities in urban areas, thus contributing to sustainable development of the region.

Keywords: inequalities; human well-being; urbanisation; sustainable development; Bangladesh; Ganges Brahmaputra Meghna delta (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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