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Performance Indicator Framework for Evaluation of Sustainable Tourism in the Taiwan Coastal Zone

Shih-Hao Wang (), Meng-Tsung Lee (), Pierre-Alexandre Château () and Yang-Chi Chang ()
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Shih-Hao Wang: Department of Marine Environment and Engineering, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung 80424, Taiwan
Meng-Tsung Lee: Department of Marine Leisure Management, National Kaohsiung Marine University, Kaohsiung 81157, Taiwan
Pierre-Alexandre Château: Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan
Yang-Chi Chang: Department of Marine Environment and Engineering, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung 80424, Taiwan

Sustainability, 2016, vol. 8, issue 7, 1-13

Abstract: Surrounded by the ocean, Taiwan has been increasingly developing coastal tourism projects. Concerns that negative impacts might be brought about by prosperous tourism have resulted in a recent focus on sustainable tourism. Sustainable tourism involves policies that acknowledge the interdependences among the environment, the community, and the economy. The goal of sustainable tourism is to enhance and protect the environment while satisfying basic human requirements, as well as those of the contemporary and future tourism industries to improve quality of life. On the other hand, unsustainable coastal tourism might undermine the natural environment and society, resulting in air, water, and soil pollution, wildlife habitat disruption, and changes of local community cultural characteristics. Therefore, performance evaluation of coastal tourism, using an indicator framework to facilitate sustainable development and enhance the effectiveness of coastal resources exploitation, is critical. Through a literature review and expert surveys using the methods of the fuzzy Delphi method (FDM) and the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP), this study builds a performance indicator framework and identifies the key factors affecting the sustainable development of coastal tourism in Taiwan. The results can serve as a reference for the public sector to be used for the sustainable planning and development of coastal tourism.

Keywords: sustainable coastal tourism; performance indicator framework; fuzzy Delphi method; fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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