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Decentralization and Polycentricity: Spatial Changes of Employment in Beijing Metropolitan Area, China

Yongqiang Lv (), Xinqi Zheng (), Lin Zhou () and Lulu Zhang ()
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Yongqiang Lv: School of Information Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
Xinqi Zheng: School of Information Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
Lin Zhou: School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Lulu Zhang: School of Information Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China

Sustainability, 2017, vol. 9, issue 10, 1-17

Abstract: Decentralization and polycentric spatial structure strategies are important ways to alleviate urban disease in China. However, whether the urban spatial structure is meeting expectations is still unknown. Taking the Beijing Metropolitan Area as a case, the author adopted a non-parametric method to identify the subcenters, then an employment density model was used to analyze the spatial changes of employment and the employment centers’ impacts on the urban spatial structure. The results show that the Beijing Metropolitan Area was undergoing processes of employment decentralization, the monocentric structure was obvious throughout this time, but the polycentric model prevailed. The spatial structure of the Beijing Metropolitan Area was characterized as depicting “all centers aggregation” and the spatial structure of the central district of Beijing can be described as “subcenter agglomeration” between 2004 and 2013. The spatial structure became increasingly polycentric in the Beijing Metropolitan Area, but became more scattered in the central district.

Keywords: decentralization; polycentricity; subcenters; density function; Beijing (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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