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A Note on Medium- and Long-Term Global Energy Prospects and Scenarios

Carlo Andrea Bollino (), Francesco Asdrubali (), Paolo Polinori (), Simona Bigerna (), Silvia Micheli (), Claudia Guattari () and Antonella Rotili ()
Additional contact information
Francesco Asdrubali: Department of Engineering, Roma TRE University, Via Vito Volterra 62, 00146 Rome, Italy
Paolo Polinori: Department of Economics, University of Perugia, Via A. Pascoli 20, 06125 Perugia, Italy
Simona Bigerna: Department of Economics, University of Perugia, Via A. Pascoli 20, 06125 Perugia, Italy
Silvia Micheli: Department of Economics, University of Perugia, Via A. Pascoli 20, 06125 Perugia, Italy
Claudia Guattari: Department of Engineering, Roma TRE University, Via Vito Volterra 62, 00146 Rome, Italy
Antonella Rotili: Department of Engineering, University of Perugia, Via G. Duranti 93, 06125 Perugia, Italy

Sustainability, 2017, vol. 9, issue 5, 1-25

Abstract: The paper presents recent and future trends of the world energy market, as highlighted by medium- and long-term projections. Energy demand and energy consumptions projected by IEA (International Energy Agency) are examined, in comparison with projections provided by other international agencies and companies in the energy sector. In particular, energy resources, energy consumption and economic growth both in developing and developed countries are presented, with a particular attention to the role of energy efficiency, nuclear power, unconventional fossil resources and renewable energies. Sustainable development issues, according to the global climate agreement signed at COP21, are also presented. The outlook period extends up to 2040. The results confirm a worldwide interest in renewable and unconventional resources for the forthcoming decades, as well as efforts to increase the energy efficiency potential in all end-use sectors to reduce the overall environmental impact of energy production.

Keywords: energy projections; energy efficiency; nuclear power; unconventional resources; renewables; low carbon production; sustainable development; COP21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q Q0 Q2 Q3 Q5 Q56 O13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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