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Resilience amidst conflict? The effect of civil war exposure on secondary education

Shikha Silwal

International Journal of Development and Conflict, 2016, vol. 6, issue 2, 97-120

Abstract: I use education and conflict data from Nepal to examine the effect of exposure to violence on students at secondary schooling level and highlight patterns of recovery in the post-conflict period. This study extends our understanding of the effects of civil unrest on both quantity and quality of schooling by analyzing the effects during the periods of unrest and immediately following the end of the conflict. I find a substantial negative impact of exposure to violence on the secondary schooling. Some adverse effects rebounded 3-5 years after the conflict ended; however, notable gaps in academic performance between high-violence areas and low-violence areas has persisted and girls continue to dropout at higher rates. These results indicate that an armed conflict within a country has specific and far-reaching consequences for a warring state’s young population and next generation, in addition to the well-established more immediate effects of violence.

Keywords: Conflict; Human Capital; Post-Conflict Recovery; Nepal (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I2 J1 O1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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International Journal of Development and Conflict is currently edited by Partha Gangopadhyay

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