Low Female Labor Force Participation in Pakistan: Causes and Factors
Zubaria Andlib and
Aliya H Khan
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Zubaria Andlib: Ph.D Scholar, School of Economics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Aliya H Khan: Prof. (R), School of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Global Social Sciences Review, 2018, vol. 3, issue 3, 237-264
Pakistan has the lowest Female Labour Force Participation (FLFP) rate in the South Asian region. The study has used the latest round of Labor Force Survey 2014-15 and analyzed the individual and household factors that are associated with low FLFP in Pakistan. This study finds that there is less probability for urban women to take part in labor force activities. At national and regional level higher secondary and above levels of education have positive and significant relationship with FLFP whereas the situation is different for the four provinces of Pakistan. In case of Punjab province graduation and above levels of education are positively affiliated with FLFP, in Sind province higher secondary and above levels of education are positively associated with FLFP, in KPK province, matric and above levels of education are positively influencing FLFP decisions and in Baluchistan province primary and above levels of education are positively influencing women's decisions to participate in labor force activities. Women living in joint family systems, non-migrated, recipient of technical or vocational trainings are also more likely to participate in labor force activities. The study provides useful insights for policy makers to formulate appropriate policies to increase FLFP rate in Pakistan.
Keywords: Low FLFP; Probit Model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: R00 Z0 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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