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Survival of the Fittest? Measuring the Strength of Market Selection on the Example of the Urals Federal District

Ivan Savin, Oleg Mariev and Andrey Pushkarev ()

HSE Economic Journal, 2019, vol. 23, issue 1, 90-117

Abstract: It this article we analyze the strength of market selection for a wide range of industries in the Urals Federal District (UFD) and compare it with the results for several foreign countries. The empirical analysis is based on the Ruslana database provided by Bureau van Dijk (BvD) for the period from 2006 to 2015. For the first stage of the analysis, we resort to the well-dis­cussed method of aggregated labor productivity decomposition at the industry level into two main processes, namely, the growth of productivity within the firm and the redistribution of market shares between firms on the market. The results obtained show that the industrial productivity growth is almost entirely explained by the increase in productivity at the level of the firms, while the role of market selection is negligible. However, due to a number of limitations of this approach, it would be incorrect to deny the significance of the competition as a whole. For this reason, at the second stage we consider the relationship between the growth of firms’ revenues and their productivity directly. Our results show that the role of market selection in explaining firm growth is small in Russia and is lower in comparison with developed countries. This result holds if instead of labour productivity one uses total factor productivity. The revealed weak interrelation indicates the need to improve industrial policy in the direction of increasing the efficiency of competition.

Keywords: market selection; productivity decomposition; firm growth; replicator dynamics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D40 L11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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