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The Industry 4.0 Induced Agility and New Skills in Clusters

Marta Gotz ()
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Marta Gotz: Vistula University, Poland

Foresight and STI Governance (Foresight-Russia till No. 3/2015), 2019, vol. 13, issue 2, 72-83

Abstract: The fourth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0) transformed global value chains by transforming them into adaptive networks of enterprises. To remain competitive, companies need to integrate themselves into these networks, which require increased flexibility in terms of reorganizing business structure and expanding the portfolio of competencies. This article attempts to find ties between the concepts of Industry 4.0 and clusters. This new viewpoint helps one discern the role clusters play in the development of necessary skills as part of this nww context. Spatial proximity provides unique opportunities for such interactions, which cannot be imitated by remote digital technologies. As a result, clusters, while meeting certain requirements, will not lose their relevance in the context of Industry 4.0, but, on the contrary, become its key driver.

Keywords: fourth industrial revolution; Industry 4.0; cluster; networks; global value chains; agility; skills (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: R11 R23 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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Handle: RePEc:hig:fsight:v:13:y:2019:i:2:p:72-83