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Women’s Preferences for Social Spending: Theory and Evidence from Spanish Political Representatives

Ascensión Andina-Díaz (), Paula Penalva () and M. Socorro Puy ()
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Ascensión Andina-Díaz: Universidad de Málaga
Paula Penalva: IES Ben Gabirol
M. Socorro Puy: Universidad de Málaga

Hacienda Pública Española / Review of Public Economics, 2020, vol. 235, issue 4, 119-151

Abstract: We analyze whether political representatives have gendered preferences for social policies. We explore interview responses of one third of the Spanish legislators during the IX Spanish Legislature (20082011). The data reveal that gender differences arise in the national chambers and within the right-wing party, where female representatives report a stronger preference for social spending on pensions and education. There are no significant gender differences within left-wing representatives or among regional representatives. From a theoretical perspective, we study how differences in gender preferences may affect both the gender identity of the parties’ candidates and the parties’ policy platforms.

Keywords: Gender differences; preferences for social spending; representatives elite survey; Spanish legislators; Downsian electoral competition. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 H75 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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Handle: RePEc:hpe:journl:y:2020:v:235:i:4:p:119-151