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Theoretical Approach to Rural Areas with a Focus on Typology of Settlement in the European Union and Rural Development in Montenegro

Goran Rajoviæ () and Jelisavka Bulatoviæ ()
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Jelisavka Bulatoviæ: College of Textile Design, Technology and Management

Hyperion Economic Journal, 2015, vol. 3, issue 3, 24-45

Abstract: Throughout the history of rural society has evolved from the primitive village community to the modern, highly developed, rural society. Sustainable rural development is one of the economic, social and environmental priorities in modern society. In this respect, the European Union gives a strong impetus to social and territorial cohesion of rural areas and aims to provide a more efficient evaluation of local development potential, in accordance with the principles of sustainable development. The aim of this paper is to show the theoretical approaches to defining rural area, and the necessity of modernization policy of sustainable rural development of Montenegro in the integration process into the European Union. In the Member States of the European Union in 2011, lived 23% of the population in rural areas. Most of the population in the countries of the European Union residing in the rural areas was recorded in Ireland (73%), Slovakia (50%), Estonia (48%), Hungary (47%) and Romania (46%). Condition in which there is a rural area of Montenegro and explore possibilities for his overcoming represents a sufficient motive for making this work.

Keywords: Rural development; European Union; Montenegro (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
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Handle: RePEc:hyp:journl:v:3:y:2015:i:3:p:24-45