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Determinants of the Risk-Based Capital of Insurance Companies in Indonesia

Anggy Renaldo (), Unggul Purwohedi and Gatot Nazir Ahmad
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Anggy Renaldo: Jakarta State University, Jakarta, Indonesia
Unggul Purwohedi: Jakarta State University, Jakarta, Indonesia
Gatot Nazir Ahmad: Jakarta State University, Jakarta, Indonesia

Oblik i finansi, 2021, issue 3, 72-77

Abstract: The insurance industry is one of the important components of the world financial system because it provides economic protection for the society. Risk-based capital is a certain amount of capital that insurance companies must have on hand in order to hedge against their risks. This capital is there to make sure that the company can maintain solvency, and can fulfill all of its financial operating needs. This study aims to determine the factors that influence Risk-based capital (RBC) as the level of solvency of insurance companies in Indonesia. These factors are generally divided into 2 groups: internal factors (company characteristics) and external factors (macroeconomic factors). Internal factors consist of such variables as premium and liquidity. External factors consist of such variables as economic growth (GDP) and interest rates. The sample of this study is presented by 12 insurance companies that listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX). The study covers the period from 2014 until 2019. The analysis method used in this study is multiple regression with the Fixed Effect Model (FEM) approach using Eviews software version 9.0. This method is used to analyze the effect of independent variables towards the dependent variable. The research results showed that the liquidity variable had a significant positive effect on risk based capital. At the same time the interest rate variable has a significant negative effect on risk based capital.

Keywords: risk-based capital; insurance companies; liquidity; interest rate; economic growth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G22 G32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.33146/2307-9878-2021-3(93)-72-77

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