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Gender Differences and Attitudes in Entrepreneurial Intentions: the Role of Career Choice

Jose C Sánchez
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Jose C Sánchez: University of Salamanca

Journal of Women's Entrepreneurship and Education, 2012, issue 1-2, 7-27

Abstract: Gender differences in entrepreneurial intentions and agentic traits frequently linked to entrepreneurship (locus of control, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, risk-taking propensity, and proactiveness) were examined using a sample of Spanish university students, 535 women and 283 men. Self-reported data were collected through a questionnaire consisting of several scales. MANOVA results showed gender differences in entrepreneurial intention and entrepreneurial self-efficacy, in the sense that men felt themselves more efficient and oriented to create a new venture than women. Nevertheless, major area and age explained differences in the variables studied better than gender.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship; career choice; gender-role stereotypes; agentic traits (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L26 J82 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:ibg:jwejou:y:2012:i:1-2:p:7-27