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Nascent Entrepreneurs: Gender, Culture, and Perceptions

Harun Şeşen and Mark Pruett
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Harun Şeşen: European University of Lefke, Northern Cyprus
Mark Pruett: University of South Carolina Upstate, U.S.

Journal of Women's Entrepreneurship and Education, 2014, issue 3-4, 1-21

Abstract: We assess gender differences in 1526 nascent entrepreneurs (college students) across four countries to test a model of entrepreneurial intentions incorporating gen-der, culture, and perceptions about entrepreneurship motives and barriers. In contrast to prior research on surviving entrepreneurs, we study people who may be at the very beginning of entrepreneurial careers. The model proves significant—we find support for hypotheses regarding the im-pact of gender, culture, and perceptions of motives and barriers. There are substan¬tial differences between men and women. Culture affects students’ intentions, women have lower levels of entrepreneurial intentions, motives generally have a positive influ¬ence on intentions, barriers have a negative influence, men appear more influenced by mo-tives, and women appear more influenced by barriers. The results in China provide interesting exceptions in the analyses and suggest directions for future research specific to that country. As a whole, the study results suggest directions for future research on entrepreneurial intentions. We also discuss implications of the study for entrepreneurship education.

Keywords: Gender; culture; students; entrepreneurship; entrepreneurial intentions; entrepreneurship education; motives; barriers (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L26 I25 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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