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Prevalence and Determinants of Anemia among Adolescent Girls: A School-Based Survey in Central Java, Indonesia

Siti Masfiah, Arrum Firda Ayu Maqfiroch, Windri Lesmana Rubai, Siwi Pramatama Mars WIjayanti, Dian Anandari, Arif Kurniawan, Saryono Saryono and Budi Aji

Global Journal of Health Science, 2021, vol. 13, issue 3, 37

Abstract: INTRODUCTION- Anemia is the most common and inflexible nutritional problem affecting about 2 billion of the world’s population with a significant impact on human health and social and economic development. Information about anemia prevalence and associated factors among adolescent girls in Indonesia is still limited. OBJECTIVE- This study aimed to examine determinant factors related to anemia among adolescent girls. METHODE- This is an analytic study with a cross-sectional design, located in three regencies in Central Java Indonesia. This is a school-based survey in several senior high schools in three regencies that have a higher number of stunting cases, as a related indicator of Anemia. A total of 388 adolescent girls have participated in this study. Anemic status was assessed using HB quick-check. Independent variables such as breakfast habit, father’s height, allowance per day, etc. were collected by a structured questionnaire. Data analysis is carried out by univariate, bivariate, and multivariate. Ethical clearance has been approved by Medicine Faculty Ethics Committee, Jenderal Soedirman University. RESULT- The study found that 26,3% of girls were categorized as having anemia. Results showed that there was a correlation between anemic and breakfast habit (p = 0.07), and allowance per day (p = 0.08), and father’s height (p = 0.01) among adolescent girls. CONCLUSION- This research highlighted the importance for the adolescent girl of having daily breakfast. Good eating habits can help to reduce the incidence of anemia and its negative adverse health effects.

Date: 2021
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