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Histopathology of Polyps and Its Clinical Correlation in Sample of Iraqi Patients Undergoing Colonoscopic Examination

Khalid Abdulla Al-Khazraji, Mohammed Kamal Hashim, Mahmood Kamal Hashim, Wissam Khudhair Abbas and Mohammed Mousa Dhahir

Global Journal of Health Science, 2021, vol. 13, issue 4, 106

Abstract: BACKGROUND /AIMS- Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in 2018, the objective of our study was to describe the types and patterns of colorectal polyps in patients presenting to a tertiary care referral center in Baghdad. We also assessed the polyp detection rate (PDR) and adenoma detection rate (ADR). PATIENTS & METHODS- This is single-institution, descriptive cross-sectional study of consenting 103 patients who had colonoscopy done at the Endoscopy Unit of Baghdad teaching hospital, IRAQ from the 1st of June 2018 to 31st of March 2019 after taking verbal consent, The data collected included- Age, sex, Family history of colorectal malignancies and indication for the current colonoscopy. RESULTS- One thousand and thirty patients were included in the study with a mean age of 44 years (SD = 16), with 560 males representing 54.4% and 470 females representing 45.66%.The polyp detection rate in colonoscopies was 19.4% and the adenoma detection rate was 13.6%. Polyps were found and removed in 200 patients, 40% of the removed polyps were tubular adenomas, tubulovillous adenomas in 20%, villous adenomas in 10%, hyperplastic polyps in 5%. The majority of the polyps were in the distal colon in 80% of patients with polyps. CONCLUSIONS- The polyp detection rate was (19.4%) and adenoma detection rate was (13.6%). The majority of polyps were detected in distal colon.

Date: 2021
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