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Intervention “Premenopause Empowerment Model (PEM)” to Change Health Belief in the Control of Perimenopause Complaints in Pematangsiantar City, Indonesia

Dame Evalina g Simangunson, Rosa Delima Ekwantini and Marlisa Marlisa

Global Journal of Health Science, 2021, vol. 13, issue 8, 56

Abstract: Prevention efforts against the effects of decreased estrogen hormones are very noteworthy, these conditions can lead to a variety of health problems and are very much complained of in the perimenopause period. This research is to achive the improvement of premenopausal women’s Health Belief by using PEM for the perimenopause period. The research will involve two Group Design pretest–Posttest with control group that took the location in two sub districts involving women aged 40 yr to 45 yr, as many as 70 people The quasi-experimental designed study employed two groups- the pretest–posttest and control group and was conducted at two sbdistricts- Kahean, for the control group, and Tomuan, for the intervention group. Data processed with univariate and bivariate analysis, sufficient with t test. The results showed that there was an increase in the health belief score before the intervention (59.74 ± 7.01), after the intervention (76.89 ± 9.70) with P = < 0.001. The provision of information based on Health Belief Model in the study able to change the perception of premenopause community in the village Tomuan, shown by increasing the value of the perception of seriousness and vulnerability to the interference that will be experienced and can considering the gains to be gained so decided to behave as expected. It is recommended that women empowerment premenopause with sustainable PEM and the development of health service efforts in the community through Peer Education.

Date: 2021
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