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Mental Health of People in State Quarantine during COVID-19 Situation in Thailand

Sukjai Charoensuk, Kanyawee Mokekhaow, Duanphen Channarong and Chariya Sonpugdee

Global Journal of Health Science, 2021, vol. 13, issue 9, 1

Abstract: When the COVID-19 outbreak spread across the globe, Thailand was the first country to report a COVID patient outside of China. We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study to examine the mental health condition and the risk factors associated with the mental health problems of people in state quarantine. Our study sample included 4,069 people who were in state quarantine in the eastern region of Thailand. We administered a stress assessment test, a depression screening questionnaire, a suicidal risks screening tool and a COVID-19 anxiety screening scale, which were developed by the Department of Mental Health, Thailand. We found that most people in state quarantine reported a moderate level of COVID-19 anxiety, a mild level of stress, and no current risk of suicide. The risk factors associated with stress were female gender (OR = 2.290, p < 0.001, 95% CI [1.687, 3.109]) and having chronic diseases (OR = 2.443, p < 0.001, 95%CI [1.720, 3.470]). The factor associated with depression was female gender (OR = 1.380, p < 0.001, 95%CI [1.201, 1.586]). The factors associated with risks for suicide were female gender (OR = 2.059, p < 0.001, 95%CI [1.553, 2.729]) and having chronic diseases (OR = 2.128, p < 0.001, 95%CI [1.510, 2.998]). The factors associated with COVID-19 anxiety were female gender (OR = 1.469, p < 0.001, 95%CI [1.294, 1.669]) and having chronic diseases (OR = 1.329, p = 0.011, 95%CI [1.066, 1.657]). A system to screen for mental health problems and rapid assistance offered to people in state quarantine who are at risk of mental health problems are recommended to reduce the severity of the problems.

Date: 2021
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