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Determinants of Bank Profitability in the Euro Area: What Has Changed During the Recent Financial Crisis?

Simone Rossi, Mariarosa Borroni, Andrea Lippi and Mariacristina Piva ()

International Business Research, 2018, vol. 11, issue 5, 18-27

Abstract: During the recent financial crisis, bank profitability has become an element of strong concern for regulators and policymakers; in fact both self-financing strategies and capital increases – necessary to provide higher level of capitalization – rely on the ability of a bank to generate profits. However, the determinants of bank profitability, that seemed to be unequivocally identified by previous literature, appear to have changed under the effect of regulatory and competitive dynamics. We test this hypothesis on commercial, cooperative and saving banks, employing a random effect panel regression on a dataset comprising bank-level data and macroeconomic information (covering the period 2006-2013) for 9 countries of the Euro area. Our findings suggest that, after a period of “irrational exuberance” in which credit growth and high leverage were seen as proper and fast ways to boost profitability, a sound financial structure and a wiser and objective credit portfolio management have become the main drivers to ensure higher returns.

Keywords: financial crisis; bank profitability; Euro area (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Handle: RePEc:ibn:ibrjnl:v:11:y:2018:i:5:p:18-27