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Relationship between Job Stress and the Turnover Intention of Private Sector Bank Employees in Bangladesh

Nazrul Islam, Ekhtear Ahmed Zeesan, Debanik Chakraborty, Md Nafizur Rahman (), Syed Istiak Uddin Ahmed, Nowshin Nower and Toufiq Nazrul

International Business Research, 2019, vol. 12, issue 8, 133-141

Abstract: Private sector banks are important segments of the economy of Bangladesh. This sector has already been recognized as a significant industry for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) of Bangladesh. However, managing private organizations has become very challenging due to highly competitive market and higher level of employee turnover especially in the private banking sector. It is observed that to attain the competitive advantage, private bank employees are undertaking heavy workload that leads to higher level of stress at work and is increasing turnover intention among the employees. This study has been designed to explore the factors that are accountable to create stress among the private bank employees in Bangladesh which are creating turnover intention among them. Hence, this study identified the relationships between job stress factors and the increase of turnover intensions among the bank employees in Bangladesh. A total of 206 bank employees at different levels of the banks were interviewed from ten private commercial banks of Bangladesh. A structured questionnaire was designed through literature review to collect the information from the respondent employees. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. Multivariate analysis techniques were used to identify the work stress factors having influence on the turnover intention among the private bank employees in Bangladesh. Results show that there are four stress factors that increase the turnover tension among the private bank employees in Bangladesh such as, (i) long hours and fast work, (ii) clearness of goals and objectives of work, (iii) workload and change in mindset, and (iv) flexibility at work. This study suggests that the policymakers of the private commercial banks should address the issues like long hours and fast work, clearness of goals and objectives of work, workload and change in mindset and flexibility at work for reducing turnover intensions of the bank employees in Bangladesh.

Keywords: job stress; workload; working environment; flexibility at work; turnover intention (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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