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Measuring Monetary Policy Efficiency in European Union Countries: The Pre-EMU Years

Stefan Krause Montalbert

The IUP Journal of Monetary Economics, 2007, vol. V, issue 1, 60-83

Abstract: This paper proposes a method for measuring the contribution of an improved monetary policy to the changes in macroeconomic performance—identified with inflation and output stability. The technique used involves estimating actual and optimal policy rules as a function of the aggregate supply and demand shocks, with the purpose of examining how much of the change in performance can be accounted for by changes in the volatility of the aggregate shocks and how much can be ascribed to improvements in policy efficiency. A study of the changes in the macroeconomic performance of 14 European Union countries from the 1980s to the 1990s is undertaken here. The findings suggest that an improved monetary policy has played an important stabilization role in almost all European Union countries, while a diminished exposure to aggregate shocks has largely contributed towards improved performance in at least seven countries.

Date: 2007
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