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Cryptocurrencies and blockchain. Overview and future perspectives

Helder Miguel Correia Virtuoso Sebastião, Paulo José Osório Rupino Da Cunha and Pedro Manuel Cortesão Godinho

International Journal of Economics and Business Research, 2021, vol. 21, issue 3, 305-342

Abstract: This paper presents an overview of the main developments of cryptocurrencies and discusses their future perspectives. First, it briefly reviews the history of cryptocurrencies since the creation of Bitcoin, presents the main market trends, and discusses the key features of cryptocurrencies in the context of blockchain. Second, it analyses current cryptocurrency projects, like the Libra project, and other applications of the blockchain technology. Third, it presents a systematic economics and financial literature review on cryptocurrencies. Fourth, it examines the challenges, benefits, and future perspectives of cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology, with a focus on the environmental issues and central bank digital currencies.

Keywords: Bitcoin; blockchain; cryptocurrencies; digital coins; Libra; Ethereum; market efficiency; central bank digital currencies; survey. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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Handle: RePEc:ids:ijecbr:v:21:y:2021:i:3:p:305-342