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Evaluating Additionality of an Innovation Subsidy Program Targeted at SMEs: An Exploratory Study

Sonja Radas and Ivan-Damir Anić ()

Croatian Economic Survey, 2013, vol. 15, issue 1, 61-88

Abstract: This paper explores the effectiveness of a recently introduced innovation subsidy program targeted at SMEs in Croatia. Three aspects of program additionality were evaluated: input, output and behavioral aspects. Both qualitative and survey research was employed, and four case studies with selected recipient companies were conducted. This study is a response to the policy-makers’ need for early program assessment. It attempts to show that even with early evaluation and small population of recipients it is possible to gain insight into program effectiveness. The analysis suggests that the effects of programs targeted at innovative SMEs might need to be evaluated differently than general subsidies. This is especially evident in the evaluation of input additionality. The analysis indicates that SMEs which started with a higher R&D capability tend to increase R&D intensity while participating in the program. The program raised R&D and innovation capability of the participating SMEs, but commercialization of project results remains a concern.

Keywords: additionality; innovation; R&D subsidy; SMEs; developing country; commercialization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O31 O32 O38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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