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The distributional impact of social transfers in the European Union: evidence from the ECHP

Christopher Heady, Theo Mitrakos () and Panos Tsakloglou

Fiscal Studies, 2001, vol. 22, issue 4, 547-565.

Abstract: Social transfers vary enormously across the European Union, as has been demonstrated in earlier research. This paper analyses the comparative effects of these transfers on inequality and poverty, using consistent household data. The analysis shows that the distributional impact of these transfers is greater in countries that spend a higher proportion of their GDP on them, but that there are other important determinants, including the extent of means testing, the distribution of funds between different types of transfer and the degree of targeting for each transfer. It also shows that effective targeting can be achieved without high levels of means testing.

JEL-codes: H55 I38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2001
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