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Social and Demographic Determinants of Crime in Pakistan: A Panel Data Analysis of Province Punjab

Muhammad Awais Anwa, Samia Nasreen and Anam Shahzadi
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Muhammad Awais Anwa: University of Shandong China, China.
Anam Shahzadi: Government College University Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER), 2015, vol. 3, issue 9, 440-447

Abstract: Purpose: The aim of present study is to explore the social and demographic determinants of total crime, property crime and violent crime in Punjab, the main province of Pakistan. Methodology- 25 districts of province Punjab are selected as sample for empirical estimation. The time span to be covered in the study is 2005- 2012. Findings- Empirical evidences estimated by applying fixed and random effects models reveals that deterrence variable positively and significantly impact different level of crime in Pakistan. Recommendations: Similarly, increase in population density is an important factor to stimulate criminal activities in Pakistan. However education provides mixed evidence in our analysis.

Keywords: Crime; Property Crime; Violent Crime; Education; Pakistan; Panel data (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I2 J10 K42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
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Handle: RePEc:ijr:journl:v:3:y:2015:i:9:p:440-447