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Does Corporate Governance Play Role In Firms’ Performance? A Comparative Study of Pakistan, India and Bangladesh

Ahmed Imran Hunjra, Hadia Naeem, Ayesha Noor and Amna Saleem
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Ahmed Imran Hunjra: UIMS-PMAS- University of Arid Agriculture Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
Hadia Naeem: UIMS-PMAS- University of Arid Agriculture Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
Ayesha Noor: UIMS-PMAS- University of Arid Agriculture Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
Amna Saleem: UIMS-PMAS- University of Arid Agriculture Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER), 2016, vol. 4, issue 9, 450-464

Abstract: Purpose: To answer the question regarding impact of corporate governance on firms’ performance in Pakistan, India and Bangladesh, current study is conducted which is unique in the sense that it consists of integrative approach using ownership structure and board structure as two main corporate governance mechanisms. Methodology: Panel data of thirty listed firms from nonfinancial sector of Pakistan and India and of twenty seven listed firms from the Bangladesh is taken from Pakistan Stock Exchange, Bombay Stock Exchange and Dhaka Stock Exchange respectively. Data ranges from year 2010 to 2015. Panel regression has been applied for data analysis. Findings: Findings of the study revealed that some of variables have significant impact on firms’ performance in one country while remaining variables impact significantly in other countries. Managerial ownership is significantly and negatively associated with firm performance when measured through ROA. On the other hand institutional ownership, foreign ownership and board structure variables show insignificant relationship with firm performance in Pakistan. All of the variables of ownership and board structure show insignificant association with firms’ performance measured through ROA and ROE in India and Pakistan respectively. CEO/chairman duality is positive and significantly associated with ROE in India. Foreign ownership is significantly and positively associated with ROA and board independence has a significant and positive association with ROE in Bangladesh. Recommendations: Policy recommendations have been provided.

Keywords: Corporate governance; Firms’ performance; Ownership structure; Board structure (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER) is currently edited by Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz (PhD Applied Economics)

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