Poverty, Urbanization and Crime: Are They Related in Pakistan?
Muhammad Hassan (),
Muhammad Shahid Akbar,
Ayesha Wajid and
Noman Arshed ()
Additional contact information
Muhammad Shahid Akbar: University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan.
Ayesha Wajid: University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan.
International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER), 2016, vol. 4, issue 9, 483-492
Purpose: This study attempts to analyze the possible impact of poverty; inflation, economic growth, and urbanization on crime for a developing economy like Pakistan. Methodology: This study applies autoregressive distributed lag model (ARDL) to find long term relationship and Granger causality test for finding direction of causality between crime and its determinants for the period from 1978 to 2011. Findings: The empirical findings of the study have exposed that poverty; economic growth and urbanization have a significant and positive impact on crime in both long and short terms. Moreover; the findings of the Granger causality test demonstrate biâ€“directional Granger causality between urbanization and crime and uniâ€“directional Granger causality running from between economic growth and crime which runs from economic growth to crime. Recommendations: Policy recommendations have been provided.
Keywords: Pakistan; Crime; Poverty; Economic Growth and Urbanization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ijr:journl:v:4:y:2016:i:9:p:483-492
Access Statistics for this article
International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER) is currently edited by Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz (PhD Applied Economics)
More articles in International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER) from The Economics and Social Development Organization (TESDO) Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz (PhD Applied Economics) ().