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Mapping Global and Economic Crime in Romania. Regional Trends and Patterns

Zizi Goschin ()

Romanian Journal of Economics, 2016, vol. 43, issue 2(52), 80-96

Abstract: Although many recent studies have approached the topic of economic crime, with a focus on corruption and bribery, the regional dimension of the phenomenon is still under researched. This paper employs a variety of statistical methods, from descriptive statistics to convergence and spatial econometrics, in an attempt to explore global and economic crime in Romania, at county level, over 1990-2014 period. The analysis revealed that developed counties tend to have higher criminality rates, with Ilfov County and Bucharest Municipality frequently on top, and the county rankings are relatively stable in the short run. Against expectations, the regression models that have been estimated could not provide enough support for the variable GDPper capita (proxy for development level) as a statistically significant factor of influence on criminality rate in all years, but the explanatory variable “criminality rate in previous year” proved to be positive and highly significant in all models, indicating the relat ve inertia of this phenomenon.

Keywords: economic crime; spatial model; county; Romania (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I32 J62 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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Handle: RePEc:ine:journl:v:43:y:2016:i:52:p:80-96