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A Century of Scientific Research and Innovation in Romania

Steliana Sandu ()
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Steliana Sandu: The Institute of National Economy

Romanian Journal of Economics, 2018, vol. 47, issue 2(56), 82-105

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the scientific research and innovation in Romania during 1918-2018, the conditions and stimulating factors, as well as the obstacles that characterized different historical periods in the development of Romanian science and technology. Emphasis was placed on the analysis of: legislation, organization and funding; patent; number and quality of workforce; evaluation of results, national and international harness of Romanian discoveries and inventions, as well as on their propagated effects over time. Although they were founded in certain historical periods, the major scientific research schools in Romania had been a valuable legacy over time. Many of the inventions of Romanian scholars had revolutionized the technical applications of their time, as well as the methods and processing of the natural resources in Romania and in many other countries. Through their results, both in the field of fundamental and applied research, they had influenced so far the development of science and technology in various fields. It was highlighted that, despite the difficulties of different historical periods, generation after generation of researchers had contributed, through valuable results, to enriching the scientific heritage of their predecessors.

Keywords: history of scientific research and innovation in Romania; management of S&T; evolution of patent activity; science and technology policies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: N01 N74 O33 O34 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Handle: RePEc:ine:journl:v:47:y:2018:i:56:p:82-105