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Migration - A Phenomenon Generating Imbalances in the Labor Market

Emilia Å¢iå¢an (), Daniela-Ioana Manea (), Mihaela Mihai () and Mihaela Grecu
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Emilia Å¢iå¢an: Department of Statistics and Econometrics, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Scientific Researcher, Institute of National Economy, Romania
Daniela-Ioana Manea: Department of Statistics and Econometrics, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Scientific Researcher, Institute of National Economy, Romania
Mihaela Grecu: The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania

Romanian Journal of Economics, 2020, vol. 50, issue 1(59), 47-83

Abstract: This paper deals with the phenomenon of domestic and international migration, from the perspective of identifying the generating countries and, respectively, the recipient countries of this phenomenon. Migration is a multidimensional process that includes a variety of areas, with the main goal of increasing the quality of life. The decision to migrate is based on several components: economic, social, demographic, etc. Based on these things, countries are divided into two groups: countries of origin and countries of destination. The methods of multivariate analysis, discriminant analysis and logistic regression, included in the analysis the Number of immigrants, the Number of emigrants as well as other socio-economic indicators relevant to the migration phenomenon. Following the analysis, the countries of the European Union, included in the analysis, were divided into countries of origin and destination, and the results show that in Europe there is a trend of migration from underdeveloped countries to developed countries.

Keywords: Migration; Labor market; Discriminant analysis; Logistic regression (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C3 J1 O15 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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