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Is Entrepreneurship a Channel of Social Mobility in Latin America?

Francesca Castellani () and Eduardo Lora ()

Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, 2014, vol. 51, issue 2, 179-194

Abstract: This paper summarizes the findings in this special issue of the Latin American Journal of Economics on entrepreneurship's role in upward social mobility in Latin America, especially for the middle class, often considered the cradle of entrepreneurship. The income-persistent coefficients estimated with pseudo-panel data for Colombia, Ecuador, and Uruguay indicate that entrepreneurship is a channel of intergenerational mobility, while asset persistence estimates for Mexico show that entrepreneurship increases mobility across generations. Although persistence coefficients don't indicate the direction of such mobility, estimates of income differentials between entrepreneurs and non-entrepreneurs for Ecuador and Mexico support the hypothesis that upward mobility dominates.

Keywords: Latin America; entrepreneurship; social mobility; middle class (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E21 I31 O15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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Working Paper: Is Entrepreneurship a Channel of Social Mobility in Latin America? (2013) Downloads
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Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía is currently edited by Raimundo Soto

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