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Changes in Poverty-fighting Tools: From “Traditional” to “New Tendencies”

Muhammet Enes Kayagil ()
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Muhammet Enes Kayagil: Faculty of Economics, Department of Labor Economics and Industrial Relations, Istanbul, Turkey., İstanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

Journal of Social Policy Conferences, 2020, vol. 0, issue 79, 24-53

Abstract: The issue of poverty and the fight against poverty has been one of the most important agenda items in the world for many years. Although the phenomena of wealth and poverty have existed in every period of history, they have never been separated by such deep disparities as they are today. Increasing income injustice has widened the gap between the rich and the poor and it continues to open further. Also, the concept of poverty has expanded so much in terms of content that it is not enough to express it with one definition. Absolute poverty, relative poverty, and human poverty are some of the terms used to detail the range and context of impoverishment. Besides, poverty is now subject to analysis from sociological, psychological or other perspectives. Considering this state of poverty, it is necessary to review the means of alleviating poverty. It is observed that the effectiveness of traditional tools has diminished in the fight against poverty, such as the World Bank when it first emerged. Therefore, there is a need for new tools to keep up with global developments. In this context, NGOs and development cooperation activities carry out important actions. This study aims to analyze the tendency to move away from traditional tools to new tools in fighting poverty. In this context, both tools will be examined within the framework of examples and theoretical discussions.

Keywords: Poverty; fight against poverty; World Bank; development cooperation; NGOs (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.26650/jspc.2020.78.0158

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