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The Influence of Learning Orientation and Human Resource Practices on Firm Innovativeness and Innovations: An Application of the Push and Pull Framework

Chia-Chien Hsu, Chiung-Shu Cheng and Ching-Torng Lin ()
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Chia-Chien Hsu: Department of Leisure and Recreation Management, Kainan University, Taiwan
Chiung-Shu Cheng: Ph.D. Program in Management, Dayeh University, Taiwan
Ching-Torng Lin: Department of Information Management, Dayeh University, Taiwan

Journal of Economics and Management, 2017, vol. 13, issue 1, 27-51

Abstract: Innovation is the key to sustainable competitive advantage and prosperity for firms in ever-changing business environments. The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesized model, which focuses on examining how human resource practices and learning orientation affect innovativeness and innovation performance. This study proposes the "learning-orientation-pull" and "HR-practices-push" concepts and tests them after analyzing a survey of 305 general managers or senior executives in Taiwan. The results indicate that learning orientation and HR practices significantly impact firms' innovativeness, which subsequently has a significant positive effect on product, process, and administrative innovation. This result also revalidates that the push and pull framework is a workable idea for both explanation and prediction of a firm’s potential or possible innovation capabilities. HR practices and learning orientation are important exogenous constructs that influence a firm’s innovation abilities. Thus, an innovative firm appears to adopt HR practices and learning orientations to push and pull on product, process, and administrative innovation.

Keywords: push and pull framework; learning orientation; human resource practices; innovativeness; innovation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D22 M10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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