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Inequality of Opportunity and Degree of Human Development: Evidence from Tunisia

Saidi Anis (a) , Hamdaoui Mekki (b) and Ochi Anis (b) ()
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Saidi Anis (a) , Hamdaoui Mekki (b) and Ochi Anis (b): (a) University of Sousse, Sousse, Tunisia; (b) University of Tunis El Manar, Tunisia

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Anis Ochi

Journal of Economic Development, 2021, vol. 46, issue 1, 107-137

Abstract: There are many socio-economic factors beyond the individual control that can affect human development indicators. In this setting, this paper aims to examine the effects and evolution of unequal opportunities on the distribution of human development indicators embodied by monetary well-being (consumption) and education in Tunisia for the period 2005-2010. We used parametric and non-parametric approach in addition to Dissimilarity-Index and Shapley’s Decomposition to identify most important factors explaining inequality of chances in Tunisia. We found that Father’s education, residence area, and connection to drinking water appears to be the most important background variables affecting well-being profile. However, child’s sex appears to be the most important determinant of the accessibility to education. Inequality of opportunity in consumption and education persists and tends to increase over time which is undesirable for the country. As an economic implication of our results, policy makers must make appropriate policies to reduce intergenerational transmission of parental background and sex discrimination and to overcome traps of inequality for future generations

Keywords: Dissimilarity Index; Inequality of Opportunity; Consumption, Tunisia, Public Policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D30 D63 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.35866/caujed.2021.46.1.005

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