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SECTORAL AND FIRM-LEVEL DETERMINANTS OF PROFITABILITY: A MULTILEVEL APPROACH

Ivana Blazkova () and Ondrej Dvoulety ()
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Ivana Blazkova: Department of Regional and Business Economics, Mendel University in Brno
Ondrej Dvoulety: Department of Entrepreneurship, University of Economics, Prague

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Knowledge, 2018, vol. 6, issue 2, 32-44

Abstract: The paper aimed to contribute to the literature on the determinants of firm profitability, from the perspective of the Czech economy. We followed a multilevel/hierarchical approach towards the analysis of the sectoral and firm-level determinants of the profitability of companies operating in the Czech food processing industry during years 2005-2012 (622 Firms in 10 Sectors). We assessed an impact of industry (i.e. market concentration, sector growth rate and growth rate of imports) and firm-level characteristics (i.e. market share, firm age, firm size, number of employees, debt/equity ratio and short-term risk) on the return on assets (ROA). Surprisingly, there were no substantial differences between the separate models for industry and firm-level determinants and a combined one. We found a positive impact of market concentration and market share and a negative effect of age and risk-taking behaviour on a firm profitability. Based on these findings, managers in the Czech food and drink industry should pay more attention to the debt policy.

Date: 2018
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