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Some impacts of the EU accession on the new member states’ agriculture

Judit Kiss ()
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Judit Kiss: Institute for World Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary

Eastern Journal of European Studies, 2011, vol. 2(2), 49-60

Abstract: The main aim of the paper is to analyse the impact of the EU accession on the New Member States’ agriculture with special regard to production, employment, farmers’ income and intra-EU trade in agricultural goods on the basis of the latest statistical data of Eurostat. According to our findings, accession has provided incentives to agricultural production and to utilize natural endowments (mainly agricultural land); however, agricultural employment decrease could not be halted. Nevertheless, the economic situation of the farmers improved due to increasing incomes. Though the enlarged EU provided markets for the NMS agricultural products, the competition on their domestic markets increased significantly, resulting in massive import penetration. Consequently, most of the NMS agricultural trade balance deteriorated considerably. Concerning future prospects, it highly depends on the reformulation of the Common Agricultural Policy, the new budget of the EU and the domestic economic and agricultural situation of the NMS.

Keywords: EU accession; NMS agriculture; farmers’ income; intra-EU agricultural trade (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:jes:journl:y:2011:v:2:p:49-60