Stateness before democracy? A theoretical perspective for centrality of stateness in the democratization process: The case of Albania
Gerti Sqapi ()
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Gerti Sqapi: European University of Tirana, Albania
Eastern Journal of European Studies, 2019, vol. 10(1), 45-65
The aim of this paper is to explore the connection between stateness (and its constituent attributes) and democracy by conceiving the effective state as an independent variable and a prerequisite for the success of a well-functioning democracy. Such a conditioning relationship between the state and the regime has often been subject to being neglected among many scholars of democratization , who have not considered the state as an important explanatory or at least obstructive variable for the success of democratization. This paper argues that the existence of an effective and legitimate state is essential to build a well-functioning democracy. Herein, the variable of stateness is analysed in terms of four attributes: that of monopoly on the legitimate use of force; citizenship agreement; infrastructure capacity of the state; and law enforcement capacity.
Keywords: stateness; democracy; citizenship agreement; infrastructure capacity of the state; law enforcement capacity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:jes:journl:y:2019:v:10:p:45-65
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