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Political Instability and Banks Performance in the Light of Arab Spring: Evidence From GCC Region

Bassam Omar Ali Jaara

International Journal of Financial Research, 2021, vol. 12, issue 3, 284-299

Abstract: The purpose of this empirical study is to investigate the consequences of the Arab spring on the banks financial performance at the level of Islamic and conventional banks in the Gulf Cooperative Council (GCC). The sample of this empirical research comprises 20 Islamic banks and 37 conventional banks during the period 2000-2018. The quantitative research methodology was employed by using Bivariate analysis and a panel regression on longitudinal data. The empirical findings show that the Arab spring had a direct negative influence on the bank¡¯s performance in the GCC, whether Islamic or non-Islamic banks. The direct negative influence is most prominent on the banking system in the GCC region in the inability of these banks to enhance and maintain their financial performance and profitability level during the Arab spring. The results also revealed influenced negatively on the country-specific variables. These findings considered to be a caution to policymakers when establishing a strategy for microeconomic and macroeconomic financial performance. It is broadly known that the Arab spring has an important influence on the economies of the GCC countries. Notably, the influence of the Arab spring on the banking industry performance and profitability has not so far been exposed to detailed investigation. Therefore, this research pursues to shed light on this gap by employing robust quantitative analysis. It differentiates between pre and post the Arab spring, it also classified banks into Islamic and non-Islamic and it employs micro and macroeconomic variables to investigate the influence of Arab spring effectively. It`s also the first to examine the micro and macroeconomic variables across both Islamic and non-Islamic banks pre and post the Arab spring. This research employed both Bivariate analysis and a panel regression on longitudinal data on both Islamic and conventional banks.

Keywords: banking industry; political instability; Arab spring; GCC region; microeconomics; macroeconomic; panel regression (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.5430/ijfr.v12n3p284

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Handle: RePEc:jfr:ijfr11:v:12:y:2021:i:3:p:284-299